Robert Indiana was born on September 13, 1928 in New Castle, under the name of Robert Clark. He trained at the Chicago Art Institute, the Muson / Williams / Proctor Art Institute and attended the University of Edinburgh School of Art.
Arrived in New York in the 50s, here he became one of the central figures of Pop Art, along with Warhol, Lichtenstein, Oldenburg, Wesselmann and Rosenquist.
The first emblematic work of Indiana, LOVE, an internationally recognized masterpiece, is exhibited in museums such as the Moma, the Whitney, the Metropolitan and others at the international level. HOPE, the long-awaited follow-up to LOVE, was unveiled at the entrance to the Democratic National Convention on August 28, 2008 and was used during the Barack Obama presidential campaign to inspire future generations. The serigraphs were also published in Art in America, in anticipation of the output of a portfolio. HOPE has been the subject of exhibitions on four continents and is probably the most well-known icon of the 21st century. Engaged socially and politically throughout his career, Indiana has sensitized consciences by raising funding for various causes, including those for civil rights, education, health and funds to support the arts. Although recognized as a leader of Pop, Indiana has distinguished itself from other exponents of this artistic movement by addressing important social and political issues and incorporating profound historical and literary references in its works. These appear in paintings such as The Calumet (1961) and Melville (1961), exhibited in 1962 in the first solo exhibition of Indiana in New York, held at the Stable Gallery of Eleanor Ward, while after the events of September 11 produces a series of Peace Paintings exhibited in 2004 in New York. In 1964, Indiana accepted Philip Johnson’s invitation to design a new work for the New York State Pavilion at the New York World Fair, creating a 20-foot EAT sign composed of flashing lights, and working with Andy Warhol on the film Eat , a silent portrait of Indiana eating a mushroom in her Coenties Slip studio. His first European personal exhibition was held in 1966 at the Galerie Schmela in Düsseldorf, Germany, and featured his Numbers (1965), a series of paintings on a theme he explored in various formats throughout his career.